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The totally destroyed quarter of Hammerbrook, in which mostly port workers lived, was not rebuilt as a housing area but as a commercial area. At least 800 fires started, 523 of which were large. In the clear weather visual and H2S marking was accurate and on the town centre. Less than half the force bombed within 3 miles of the centre with a bomb creepback of six miles.The adjoining quarter of Rothenburgsort shared the same fate, as only a small area of housing was rebuilt. 823 houses were destroyed and more than 5,000 damaged. Damage was caused in the central and north-western districts, particularly in Altona, Eimsbüttel and Hoheluft. Nikolai church, the main police station, the main telephone exchange and the Hagenbeck Zoo were among the well-known landmarks to be hit.The furious winds created by the firestorm had the power to sweep people up off the streets like dry leaves: Some people who tried to walk along, they were pulled in by the fire, they all of the sudden disappeared right in front of you (...) You have to save yourself or try to get as far away from the fire, because the draught pulls you in.

Figures given by German sources indicate that 183 large factories were destroyed out of 524 in the city and 4,118 smaller factories out of 9,068 were destroyed.

Other losses included damage to or destruction of 580 industrial concerns and armaments works, 299 of which were important enough to be listed by name. Bomber losses were high, 15.3% for the main group bombing that night. It was the first H2S radar-assisted attack of the war. The Pathfinders marked the wrong target, mistaking a mud bank for the docks with their H2S radar, so most of the bombs landed 13 miles downstream from the centre of Hamburg, around the small town of Wedel. Mission Number 67: 275 B-17 are to attack submarine pens and industrial areas of Hamburg and Bremen, but the primary targets are obscured by cloud so the bombers hit 167 bomb "targets of opportunity in NW Germany".

Local transport systems were completely disrupted and did not return to normal for some time. Due to bad weather only 68 bombed in the target area. H2S use was not successful and the bombs were scattered. Those bombs which landed on Hamburg did considerable damage starting 100 fires, killing 27 people and injuring 95. 791 Halifaxes and Lancasters marked the opening of the "Battle of Hamburg" or so called "Operation Gomorrah raid".

Dwellings destroyed amounted to 214,350 out of 414,500. Widespread damage was caused, mostly in housing and semi-commercial districts rather than in the docks and industrial areas. However 119 fires were started of which 71 were large. A countermeasure against the radar-directed German nightfighters in the form of "Window" was used for the first time.

In return the shipyard was not badly damaged and the aero-engine manufacturer could not be seen for smoke (a generating station was attacked instead).

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